About Myasthenia gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a neuromuscular disorder. Neuromuscular disorders involve the muscles and the nerves that control them.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Myasthenia gravis is a type of autoimmune disorders. An autoimmune disorder occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. In people with myasthemia gravis, the body produces antibodies that block the muscle cells from receiving messages (neurotransmitters) from the nerve cell.

The exact cause of myasthenia gravis is unknown. In some cases, it may be associated with tumors of the thymus (an organ of the immune system).

Myasthenia gravis can affect people at any age. It is most common in young women and older men.

Symptoms

Myasthenia gravis causes weakness of the voluntary (skeletal) muscles. Voluntary muscles are those that are under your control. In other words, you think about moving your arm, and it moves. The muscle weakness of myasthenia gravis worsens with activity and improves with rest.

The muscle weakness can lead to a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Breathing difficulty because of weakness of the chest wall muscles
  • Chewing or swallowing difficulty, causing frequent gagging, choking, or drooling
  • Difficulty climbing stairs, lifting objects, or rising from a seated position
  • Difficulty talking
  • Drooping head
  • Facial paralysis or weakness of the facial muscles
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarseness or changing voice
  • Double vision
  • Difficulty maintaining steady gaze
  • Eyelid drooping

Signs and tests

The health care provider performs a physical exam, including a detailed nervous system (neurological) examination. This may show:

  • Muscle weakness - eye muscles are usually affected first
  • Reflexes and feeling (sensation) are normal.
  • Tests that may be done may include:
  • Acetylcholine receptor antibodies associated with this disease
  • CT or MRI scan of the chest to look for a tumor
  • Nerve conduction studies
  • EMG

Treatment

There is no known cure for myasthenia gravis. However, treatment may allow you to have prolonged periods without any symptoms (remission).

Lifestyle changes often help you continue your daily activities. The following may be recommended:

  • Scheduling rest periods
  • An eye patch is double vision is bothersome
  • Avoiding stress and heat exposure, which can make symptoms worse

Medications that may be prescribed include:

  • Neostigmine or pyridostigmine to improve the communication between the nerves and the muscles
  • Prednisone and other medications (such as azathioprine, cyclosporine, or mycophenolate mofetil) if to suppress the immune system response, if you have severe symptoms and other medicines have not worked well

Several medications may make symptoms worse and should be avoided. Therefore, it is always important to check with your doctor about the safety of a medication before taking it.

Crisis situations, where muscle weakness involves the breathing muscles, may occur without warning with under- or overuse of medications. These attacks seldom last longer than a few weeks. Hospitalization and assistance with breathing may be required during these attacks. Often procedure called plasmapheresis is used to help end the crisis. In this technique, the clear part of the blood (plasma) containing the antibodies is removed from the body and replaced with donated, antibody-free plasma or with other fluids.

Plasmapheresis may also help reduce symptoms for 4 - 6 weeks and is often used before surgery. Intravenous immunoglobulin infusions may work as well as plasmapheresis. In this technique, a large amount of helpful antibodies are given directly into the bloodstream.

Surgery to remove the thymus (thymectomy) may result in permanent remission or less need for medicines, especially when there is a tumor present.

Patients with eye problems may try lens prisms to improve vision. Surgery may also be performed on the eye muscles.

(Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine PubMed Health)


How Eye Magic Can Help

Although Eye Magic was not specifically designed for muscle or nerve dysfunction, some of our customers with Myasthenia gravis or Horner's Disease have found success with the product. Eye Magic has been developed to provide an alternative to eyelid blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), which over one hundred thousand people opt for each year. Eyelid surgery can be expensive (nearly $7,000 in some cases) and can result in complications such as scarring, skin discoloration, and blurry or double vision to name a few. Eye Magic provides those with ptosis, or droopy eyelids, a non-surgical alternative to this surgery. Eye Magic's patented strips, which are made from an extremely thin, transparent, non-porous, hypoallergenic, conformable plastic, counteract drooping eyelid skin by holding the skin in a natural position, restoring elasticity to the eyelid and lifting the eyelid droop.

 

What Our Customers Have Said

I have suffered with myasthenia gravis for over 17yrs. I suffer from droopy eye lids. It is a struggle to keep my eyes open all day long which make me tired. I seen the tv ad, and just had to give it a try. The day I recieved it in the mail i rushed to put them on. I left for work minutes after putting them on and noticed that i could see further with out straining my eyes. Before using eye magic I would only drive looking a few feet in front of my car because I had to strain to see much further. With the eye magic on I could look 100's of yards in front of me while drive. I would say anyone who suffers from something like I have should give this a try. It's not a cure, but it gave me some of my life back.
Wayne M.
Norristown, PA


 
Use Eye Magic for...
  • Droopy/Sagging Upper Eyelids
  • Alternative to Eyelid Surgery
  • Special Occasions & Photos
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